Have you even gone to the trash dump in the city you live in? Do you know that the Pacific Ocean has a garbage dump also? Here are 5 facts that you don’t know about the “Great Pacific Garbage Patch”.
1. The size of plastic debris in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre has enlarged by 100 times over the past 40 years, according to a study from Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California, San Diego.
2. 9% percent of fish gathered during another study by Scripps in the Great Pacific Garbage Patch had waste plastic in their stomachs. Experts appraise that fish living at ocean depths that are intermediate in that region consume between 12,000 and 24,000 tons of plastic every year.
3. Trash from land — not ships — accounts for about 80% of marine debris, and around 65% of that is the consumer used plastics not disposed of properly.
4. While many sea creatures — including the marine insect a water strider— are actually flourishing as the size of plastic waste in the ocean grows, others are endangered by eating it or being twisted in this waste. For example, researchers are sure that thousands of albatross die every year because of ingesting the plastic waste.
5. As plastic in the ocean biodegrades, it discharges various contaminants into the environment, including an endocrine disruptor known as BPA or “bisphenol A”. Scientists have found global extensive pollution of sea sand and sea water having BPA.
Endocrine disruptors can cause major health problems when these fish are eaten by humans. Our endocrine system is responsible for managing the way our hormone system works and if they aren’t working correctly extreme health problems can occur.